Intranasal delivery of SDF-1α preconditioned bone marrow mesenchymal cells improves remyelination in the cuprizone-induced mouse model of multiple sclerosis.
Cell Biol Int. 2019 Oct 21;:
Authors: Boroujeni FB, Pasbakhsh P, Mortezaee K, Pirhajati V, Alizadeh R, Aryanpour R, Madadi S, Kashani IR
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory and demyelinating disease of the central nervous system (CNS) that leads to disability in middle-aged individuals. High rates of apoptosis and inappropriate homing are limitations for the application of stem cells in cell therapy. Preconditioning of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) with stromal cell-derived factor 1α (SDF-1α), also called C-X-C motif chemokine 12 (CXCL12), is an approach for improving the functional features of the cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of intranasal delivery of SDF-1α preconditioned BMSCs in the cuprizone-induced chronically demyelinated mice model. BMSCs were isolated, cultured and preconditioned with SDF-1α. Then, intranasal delivery of the preconditioned cells was performed in the C57BL/6 mice receiving cuprizone for 12 weeks. Animals were killed at 30 days after cell delivery. SDF-1α preconditioning increased C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) expression on the surface of BMSCs, improved survival of the cells and decreased their apoptosis in vitro. SDF-1α preconditioning also improved CXCL12 level within the brain, and enhanced spatial learning and memory (assessed by Morris water maze [MWM]), and myelination (assessed by Luxol fast blue [LFB] and transmission electron microscopy [TEM]). In addition, preconditioning of BMSCs with SDF-1α reduced the protein expressions of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and ionized calcium-binding adapter molecule (Iba-1), and increased the expressions of oligodendrocyte lineage transcription factor-2 (Olig-2) and adenomatous polyposis coli (APC), evaluated by immunofluorescence. The results showed the efficacy of intranasal delivery of SDF-1α preconditioned BMSCs for improving remyelination in the cuprizone model of MS. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
PMID: 31631484 [PubMed – as supplied by publisher]